Canola, the Prairie Gold

Canola (formally known as "Canada ola") was developed by researchers from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the University of Manitoba looking for a new oilseed crop yielding food-grade oil. The first variety of canola was released in 1974, which lead to the rapid expansion of the canola industry. Canola is now the most valuable Canadian crop and 99% of the production is concentrated in the Prairies (Statistic Canada, 2015). More information on canola is available here. Below are the most recent peer-reviewed articles published by AAFC scientists in the Prairie Region related to canola production.

Blackleg disease

Blackleg is a serious disease of canola causing significant yield losses and export challenges. The disease is mainly controlled by genetic resistance and crop rotation. However, there is growing concern the pathogen could overcome genes used in resistant hybrids.

Breeding

Breeding programs enhance plant genetics to ensure commercial success by improving disease resistance, yields and agronomic traits.

Environmental performance

Collaboration between scientists and producers has improved environmental performance and reduced greenhouse gas emissions of canola production. Additional management practices have been identified to further improve technical efficiency and yields. 

Temporary storage

Silo bags are gaining popularity with canola producers as a temporary storage system to accelerate harvest and reduce travel time and costs to permanent storage sites. Scientists are looking at changes in quality of canola seeds stored in silo bags under Canadian Prairie conditions.