Canola, the Prairie Gold
Canola (formally known as "Canada ola") was developed by researchers from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) and the University of Manitoba looking for a new oilseed crop yielding food-grade oil. The first variety of canola was released in 1974, which lead to the rapid expansion of the canola industry. Canola is now the most valuable Canadian crop and 99% of the production is concentrated in the Prairies (Statistic Canada, 2015). More information on canola is available here. Below are the most recent peer-reviewed articles published by AAFC scientists in the Prairie Region related to canola production.
Blackleg is a serious disease of canola causing significant yield losses and export challenges. The disease is mainly controlled by genetic resistance and crop rotation. However, there is growing concern the pathogen could overcome genes used in resistant hybrids.
- Blackleg severity and yield losses in Alberta – Gary Peng
- Breakdown of resistance gene used in Canadian canola – Gary Peng
Breeding programs enhance plant genetics to ensure commercial success by improving disease resistance, yields and agronomic traits.
- Potential genes identified in quantitative response to blackleg disease – Derek Lydiate
- Pangenome of canola and associated agronomic traits – Isobel Parkin
- Genome-wide mapping of agronomic and seed quality traits – Isobel Parkin
Collaboration between scientists and producers has improved environmental performance and reduced greenhouse gas emissions of canola production. Additional management practices have been identified to further improve technical efficiency and yields.
- Life cycle assessment of canola production – Reynald Lemke
- Environmental stewardship and technical efficiency in canola production – Elwin Smith
- Canola seed yield in response to plant density – Yantai Gan
Silo bags are gaining popularity with canola producers as a temporary storage system to accelerate harvest and reduce travel time and costs to permanent storage sites. Scientists are looking at changes in quality of canola seeds stored in silo bags under Canadian Prairie conditions.
- Feasibility of storing canola in silo bags – Noel White
- Quality changes in canola stored in silobags – Noel White